Guimarães castle. One of the main things to see and do in Guimarães

Why You Should Visit Guimarães, The Birthplace Of Portugal

I’m always looking for an excuse to visit Guimarães. This northern city is known as the cradle or birthplace of Portugal so its wealth of cultural heritage is hardly surprising, nor is its UNESCO World Heritage classification.

There is plenty to see and do in Guimarães so although most tours will whisk you around its highlights in a couple of hours, if you want to visit the museums and monuments and soak up the atmosphere of a medieval square or two, you should factor in a whole day for visiting Guimarães. It’s also a good base for exploring the Minho region (see below for accommodation suggestions).

Guimarães Castle

There may not be much left inside the walls but Guimarães Castle looks impressive from the outside. A magnificent bronze statue of King Afonso Henriques, Portugal’s first king, welcomes you into the castle grounds. Pause on your way uphill to see the interesting tombstones in the floor of the tiny St Michael’s chapel. Once inside the castle, get yourself up to the battlements and towers for splendid views of the city and up towards Penha sanctuary.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Ducal Palace, Guimarães

The closest thing Portugal now has to royalty is the Duke of Bragança, a title of the highest standing among Portuguese nobility since its creation in 1442. The first Duke of Bragança, Afonso, the 8th Count of Barcelos and bastard son of King João I, had this unusual palace built between 1420 and 1422. This imposing building is most noticeable for its excess of tall red brick chimneys, which you get a good view of from the castle battlements.

Furnished with exquisitely carved antique pieces, it’s easy to imagine how the rooms were used when the palace was lived in and there are some magnificent tapestries. One of my favourite rooms, mainly for the painted ceiling, is the Duchess’ bedroom. I also liked way the Flemish stained glass in the chapel casts a multicoloured pattern across the wooden floors and pulpit.

Other side rooms within the palace are now used for temporary and permanent exhibitions. Local artist José de Guimarães’ bright, bold contemporary art contrasts with the thick, austere granite walls. When I visited, there was a wonderful exhibition of work done by local secondary school children which encouraged them to view and present elements of their city in boxes.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Ancient architectural details

As you walk around the historical centre of Guimarães, you’ll see a wide range of architectural details that point to different fashions and periods in Portugal’s history.

Look closely at the sculpted stone that decorate the Câmara Municipal (Town Hall) building, the former Convent of St. Clare, for some impressive and amusing stone sculptures.

Just after this square, you’ll pass under one of the medieval archways that join buildings above the streets. The wooden upper parts of tightly packed stone town houses will have you reaching for your camera, too.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Medieval squares in Guimarães

One thing you must do when you visit Guimarães is sit in one of the medieval squares and admire the architecture while sipping a cup of Portuguese coffee or, better still, a glass of vinho verde wine. Two of the most atmospheric squares (Largo da Oliveira and Praça de Santiago) are separated by the old council chambers building, although you can pass between them through the arches beneath it.

It’s hard to pick a favourite between these two squares but if you pushed me, I’d say Largo da Oliveira. As well as an abundance of outdoor café seating, there’s the Our Lady of the Olive Tree church, the Gothic arches of the Salado monument and the Alberto Sampaio museum, possibly the best museum in Guimarães. Nobel Prize writer, José Saramago certainly thought so. I particularly liked the swirly gate in the museum’s cloistered courtyard and the juxtaposition of the artwork on display.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Largo do Toural, Guimarães

The first time I saw this enormous square, it was crowded with people who, like me, were there for the opening night of Guimarães’ year as the European Capital of Culture. Without the crowds, it’s easier to appreciate the mix of architectural styles and the contrast between a Minnie Mouse balloon seller and a hardware store that’s been there for donkey’s years. Until the 18th century, Largo do Toural was outside the city walls and the site of a popular livestock market.

Just around the corner from Largo do Toural, you’ll find Alameda de São Dâmaso, a shaded area where local men gather around tables to play cards and women catch up on gossip.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Penha park and sanctuary

If you have time, you could venture uphill to Penha park. The cable car from Guimarães only operates between Friday and Sunday so I drove up to Penha sanctuary. After spending part of that morning at Bom Jesus in Braga, I was a little shocked at how modern and, quite frankly, ugly Penha’s church is.

The forested hillside around it, however, is beautiful with round mossy boulders and lots of paths and steps to wander, making it worth the journey and possibly an hour or two of your time. The tranquil setting was marred by techno music blasting out of the café’s speakers but you should be able to find somewhere out of earshot if you choose to bring a picnic up here or simply take a walk in the woods. The car park under the statue of St. Pio offers spectacular views and appears to be a popular make out spot.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Best places to stay in Guimarães

You could spend the night up in Penha park at the beautiful former 12th century monastery, Pousada Mosteiro de Guimarães* with its magnificent azulejo panels and chestnut ceilings.

If you’d rather be in the city centre, you can’t get much closer to the action than in the 4-star Hotel da Oliveira* in Largo da Oliveira. The thick granite walls of the historical building contain comfortable modern rooms.

Rather have an apartment? You can still stay in the historical centre, in the tastefully renovated Guimarães Historical Centre Apartments*. There’s no onsite parking so consider this extra cost if you have a car.

The first time I visited Guimarães, I stayed at the wonderful Casa de Sezim, a few kilometres outside the city but worth the additional journey for the historical charm of a house that’s been in the same family since the 14th century.

If none of these appeal, there are plenty of other accommodation options* to choose from.

Day trips and guided tours to Guimarães

You could spend an afternoon, or longer, in Guimarães on this 3-day tour of the Minho’s Historical Charms.

If you’re pushed for time, visit Guimarães as part of a day trip from Porto and get to see the lovely city of Braga while you’re at it.

This 1-day Guimarães and Braga tour includes a visit to a famous sponge cake factory.

 

Where to eat and drink in Guimarães

If you’re not in a hurry and like organic vegetarian food, Cor de Tangerina is your best bet. Opposite the Ducal Palace there’s a white building with a craft/souvenir shop on the ground floor. Go upstairs and you’ll find a quirky arty lounge bar cum restaurant and a pretty garden eating area. Open for lunch and dinner every day except Sunday evening and all day Monday. Largo Martins Sarmento 1, Tel: 253 542 009.

Stuffed mushroom, Cor de Tangerina, Guimarães
Stuffed mushroom, Cor de Tangerina, Guimarães

For a reasonably priced hearty lunch with locals in a no-frills traditional restaurant, try Mumadoma, Rua Serpa Pinto 260, Tel: 253416111.

You’ll find more elegant, beautifully presented cuisine at Le Babachris. Menus are fixed and space is limited so best book a table as it’s justifiably popular. Rua Dom João, 39, Tel: 964420548.

Satisfy your sweet tooth with a cake or ice cream in Spirito Cupcake’s garden or bright, stylish interior. Open daily from 1pm to 7.30pm at Rua de Santo Antonio, 125A.

Pin this for later!

e Minho region of Portugal

*This is an affiliate link. If you make a booking, I may receive a small commission that goes towards the costs of running this blog. The price you pay is not affected.

BEFORE YOU GO...

If you're interested in visiting or moving to Portugal, why not subscribe for free insider tips and resources?

No spam. Unsubscribe any time Powered by ConvertKit

5 Comments

  1. We just stayed in the Pousada and ate out in Mumadoma, as you suggested. Both were the highlights of our weekend in the North!
    In the Pousada you can feel like an ancient nobleman and Mumadoma is abolutely right for “a reasonably priced hearty lunch with locals in a no-frills traditional restaurant”, as you said. We loved it! Our suggestion for two: One each of the two house varieties of codfish (but only “meia dose”, otherwise you can not cope, especially after the very recommendable variation of starters) washed down with a bottle of vino verde from the local co-op. A great night out – enjoy!
    Doris and Friedrich from Germany, first week of February 2016

  2. Glad to hear about Guimaraeas, where my grandmother was born, she is a de Oliveira and on my next trip I want to sit at that plaza and see if I get goosebumps like I do when I visit Foz do Arelho where I was born.

    1. Author

      Hi Dolores, I love it when that happens and I hope it does for you in Guimarães – such a special feeling to be close to your roots or something that really touches you.

  3. Hi Julie, If you are exceptionally lucky – as I was four or five years ago – you might find an elegant woman being given a scarlet carnation by a dapper old gentleman as they drank their morning coffee in the Largo da Oliveira and then be treated to traditional music and dancing. It was April but I had forgotten the date. We had arrived to find the festivities commemorating the carnation revolution. Only in courteous Portugal would you have such a gentle revolution after a very repressive dictatorship. For me this was a very special day in Guimaraes

    1. Author

      What a wonderful experience, Margaret! I wasn’t that lucky but I’m glad you were – you’ll never forget it, that’s for sure.

Over to you. Please share your thoughts in a comment.