Antique wooden tram 28 in Lisbon passing on a hill in Graça

Working out which travel card and payment system you need to use the many forms of public transport in Lisbon can prove more complicated than it should be. If you aren’t using a Lisbon Card, you need to consider how many trips you are likely to take each day and which forms of transport that will involve before deciding the best way to pay.

On days when you intend to make less than 5 journeys on any given day, or use public transport like trains and ferries, the Viva Viagem Zapping system is the way to go. If you’re travelling within the city and plan to make more than five single trips per day using only buses and the metro, a €6.30 daily pass is the cheapest option.

If you have a Lisbon Card, your travel costs are covered, as well as some entrance fees. Check to see if the places you want to visit in Lisbon are discounted or free with the Lisbon Card to see if this is your best option.

Not sure what to do in Lisbon? See this article for ideas: 33 Things To Do In Lisbon. Must See Sights & Hidden Highlights

Or get a copy of my 4 Day Lisbon and Sintra Itinerary, which is full of insider tips and great places to visit.

4-Day Portugal Travel Itinerary for Lisbon and Sintra product mock up
4-Day Travel Itinerary for Lisbon and Sintra

What is Zapping?

If you’re familiar with London’s Oyster card, Zapping runs on the same principle and, in my experience, it’s the best truly inter-modal transport payment system (see my experience with the Sete Colinas card below). Once you have a Viva Viagem card and have loaded it with credit, you can use it to pay-as-you-go on Lisbon’s buses, trains, trams, funiculars, the metro and ferries.

How to pay for and use the Viva Viagem Zapping system

You buy a Viva Viagem or Sete Colinas card for a small fee (50 cents) then add money to it – click the ‘zapping’ option on machines in metro stations or ask for this at the counters in metro and train stations, the ferry terminal, Carris kiosks and post offices. You need one card for each person travelling.

Each time you travel by public transport in Lisbon, you validate the card by swiping it across a sensor and the cost of one journey gets debited.


And it’s slightly cheaper than paying for individual journeys any other way, for example, you only pay €1.35 on buses and the metro instead of €1.50. The savings are even greater when you consider that the on-board price of a tram ticket is €3 but with Zapping, it’s only €1.35. On trains, you pay a flat rate of €1.80 for urban journeys of up to 90 minutes.

When you recharge your card, you get a small bonus credit. The minimum amount you can add to your available Zapping fund is €3, maximum is 40€.

If you find that your Viva Viagem card has expired (they’re only valid for 12 months) but you still have credit on it, don’t worry. You can continue to use the card as normal until there is no longer enough money left to cover the cost of a journey. Any remaining credit can be transferred onto a new card – just take it to a counter and ask them to do it for you.

More details in Portuguese.

Prefer to explore on a city tour? Check out these fun ways of getting around Lisbon. Click an image for more details and availability.

Looking for Lisbon accommodation? See which neighbourhoods make the best bases.

A word of warning about the Sete Colinas card

I made an expensive mistake with the Sete Colinas card which turned out not to be as inter-modal as I expected it to be. I understood that I could use it on buses, trams and the metro so I calculated how many journeys my family would need during our stay and loaded up four cards with the appropriate number of journeys.

We used the bus one day with no problems but when we tried to use the metro the following day, our cards were refused. Even though we had unused journeys, I had to buy separate cards and pay for more trips for everyone to use the metro and we never did get around to using all the prepaid journeys on the Sete Colinas card.

This is because you have to use all of one type of transport credit before you can load a Sete Colinas or Viva Viagem card with journeys for a different mode of transport.

Crazy but true.

Happily, I’ve now found a system that allows me to use all forms of transport with one card, which is the way it should be. Zapping is my preferred way of paying for Lisbon public transport because you don’t waste money.

Pinterest lover? Here you are:

How to pay for Lisbon public transport using Zapping to pay as you go on buses, trams, elevators, trains and the metro
How to pay for Lisbon public transport using Zapping


  1. Hi Julie,
    Very informative, very helpful page. Still have a question though. In Holland we have a rechargeable public transport card which yoy have to swipe BOT on entrance and exit of the carrier. Only when you swipe on exit, is the actual fare calculated and credited from your balance.
    But it seems that here you swipe only on entrance? Meaning that if I take the train from Cascais to Belem, or from Cascais to Estoril or from Cascais to Lisbon for instance, it always costs the same amount?
    Seems strange to me, but apparently the Portugese system is time based rather than distance based?

    1. It depends on the form of transport. At the metro, you need to swipe your way in and out but on the bus, for example, just on entry so yes, it must be time,rather than distance-based.

  2. Hi Julie,
    from TripAdvisor: “The “best deal” for a visitor may be to buy the 24 hour pass for as many days as required. The cost is 6.50 Euros for the first day, and 6.00 Euros for each additional day. The ticket is issued on a rechargeable card that has to be recharged each day”. The question is: how to recharge it the next day if I have to take a bus to a metro station where it can be recharged. The solution I see is to buy two cards, so the 2nd card can be validated the next day in a bus. And then so on: each day charge the “yesterday” card to be used the next morning. Do you have a better proposal? It is not about 0.50 Euro, I just do not want to be confused between two identical cards.

  3. Any suggestions for travel, actities and accomodations in Madeira please?

  4. Hi !

    What about for children over 4 years old? Can they use zapping with a reduced child fare? Or is there a special children’s card?
    Plan to travel for 5 days, with 1 year old and six year old…

    1. I think that’s been covered in previous comments, Andrew. As far as I know, there is no discount for over-4s.

Over to you. Please share your thoughts in a comment.