If you’re going to be spending Christmas in Portugal, or New Year, and don’t know what to expect, this post is for you. Find out how and where to celebrate, how the Portuguese do things and what events are going on during the festive season.
Click one of these links to jump to the information you’re most interested in:
- Portuguese family Christmas
- Portuguese Christmas cake
- Visiting Portugal at Christmas and New Year
- White Christmas in Portugal
- Christmas lights and decorations in Portugal
- Christmas concerts and events in Portugal
- Expat Christmas dilemmas
- Have a British Christmas in Portugal
- How to celebrate New Year’s Eve in Portugal
Portuguese family Christmas
The Portuguese do things differently.
Whereas in the UK, and the US, the main celebration of Christmas takes place on December 25th, it’s different here. So is Portuguese Christmas food.
The traditional Portuguese Christmas dinner of bacalhau (cod), special cabbage and potatoes plus a mountain of cakes and sweet things happens on 24th, as does the exchange of gifts and deliveries from Santa/Jesus.
At midnight, those that want to can attend a Christmas mass where they admire the nativity scene and kiss the baby Jesus.
The 25th is a day to sleep late, have another family meal, this time with a meat dish, and relax as almost everything is closed (museums, restaurants, shops). By the 26th, it’s business as usual.
Portuguese Christmas cake
Known as Bolo Rei (King Cake), this is a far cry from the heavy brandy-laced fruitcakes I grew up with. These are a ring of brioche pastry with port wine, filled and topped with dried and crystallised fruit.
They contain a broad bean and used to hide a little good luck charm but that Portuguese Christmas tradition has been banned for health and safety reasons. Whoever gets the slice with the broad bean provides the cake for the following year.
I much prefer the Bolo Rainha (Queen cake), which substitutes the dried fruit for nuts.
Visiting Portugal at Christmas and New Year
If you’re holidaying in Portugal over the Christmas period, you’ll find the only disruption to your sightseeing and shopping will be on 24th and 25th December and 1st January. On 24th, businesses will close early, if they open at all, and almost everything will be closed on 25th.
If you’re in Lisbon, Porto or the Algarve, you should be able to find a few Indian or Chinese restaurants open but it would be wise to plan and book ahead rather than leave your evening meal to chance. 5-star hotel restaurants will be open, and some 4-star but it always pays to check.
Either book into a hotel with an onsite restaurant or consider self-catering if you’ll have time to stock up on groceries before supermarkets close, ideally on 23rd.
I’ll go into more detail about New Year’s Eve celebrations later but suffice to say that restaurants will likely be more expensive and busier than usual on 31st and many will have a set menu and include the sultanas and espumante so book ahead.
January 1st is another day to work around as almost all museums, shops and businesses will be closed.
For more information about visiting Portugal in winter, see this post.
White Christmas in Portugal
If it’s not Christmas without snow for you, you need to be heading for the Serra da Estrela in central Portugal, the country’s only ski resort.
The hotels here will have special packages for the festive period so you can snuggle up in front of a log fire and gaze out at the white wilderness.
Otherwise, you’d be better off heading to somewhere like Austria for a white Christmas.
Christmas lights and decorations in Portugal
Christmas lights are a big thing in Portugal, especially in the cities, and most will be switched on by the end of November.
São Martinho do Porto launched Europe’s biggest floating Christmas tree a couple of years ago and celebrated with fireworks over the bay.
Águeda, the town in central Portugal that’s become known for its umbrellas in the streets during the summer months, boasts the world’s biggest Santa (in lights, not human).
Elsewhere, decorations vary from the sublime to the ridiculous with many smaller towns proudly displaying the recycling feats of local schoolchildren. As you might expect, the biggest and best lights will be in the main squares and shopping areas, along with the tree.
Christmas in Lisbon is usually a twinkly affair. Lisbon’s biggest tree is usually in Praça do Comércio, aka Terreiro do Paço with a smaller one in Rossio and the best lights can usually be found along Rua Augusta and in Rossio square.
The main Christmas tree in Porto will likely be outside the City Hall at the top of Avenida dos Aliados.
Coimbra’s ‘tree’ tends to be in Largo da Portagem, although there’s usually a better one in Alma shopping centre near the stadium.
Christmas concerts and events in Portugal
I said that Christmas is relatively understated in Portugal but by no means is it ignored. Several places around the country go all out with fairs, events, nativity scenes, ice rinks and Christmas markets between the end of November and around the 10th of January (check exact dates for specific events).
Christmas in Lisbon
If you’re in Lisbon at Christmas, seek out some of the 17th and 18th century nativity scenes made for the aristocracy at Estrela Basilica, Mártires Basilica, Lisbon Cathedral, the National Museum of Ancient Art and the National Tile Museum. They’re not to my taste at all but are remarkably detailed.
Lisbon‘s exhibition centre is hosting Natalis, a massive Christmas market, in early December, as it does each year. As well as entertainment for all ages, there are workshops, competitions for best nativity scene and decorations and a Santa race.
Among the Christmas markets in Lisbon is Mercado Get Zin from 29th November ot 1st December 2019 in Mercado de Santa Clara. The aim is promote health and movement and you’ll be able to buy regional products, gourmet, biological and recycled items.
There’s also a series of classical music concerts in the city’s churches. Check out the agenda for Christmas concerts and events in Lisbon for 2018 in lieu of the updated one for 2019. Also worth consulting is the Cultura Na Rua (Culture in the Streets) site, once they pubish the 2019 programme.
Wonderland Lisboa is a massive Christmas fair with free entry in Eduardo VII park open from 30th November 2019 to 5th January 2020 with music, fun fair rides, food and drink, ice rink and a cave plus other seasonal entertainment. Monday to Thursday Noon to 9 pm, Fridays midday to midnight, Saturdays and Holidays 10 am to midnight, Sunday 10 am to 10 pm, December 24th and 31st 10 am to 4 pm, December 25th and January 1st 4 to 10 pm.
Alges (the next stop on the train line after Belém) is to host Captial do Natal (Christmas Capital), Europe’s biggest theme park, from November 29th to January 12th. Fun for all the family with rides, ice sculptures, entertainment and a hefty dose of Christmas lights and magic. Tickets are €20 for chuldren up to 12 and €24 for adults.
Christmas in Porto
Porto will officially light up on 30th November 2019 with a city-wide party to mark the occasion, with most of the fun happening in Avenida dos Aliados where the main Christmas tree will be.
Porto usually has two ice rinks, one in Praça Dom João I and another in Praça de Mouzinho de Albuquerque. As for Porto Christmas markets, there are three main ones to choose from:
Mercado da Alegria, in front of Santo Ildefonso church and Praça da Batalha with various stills selling crafts and Portuguese products as well as entertainment. For hand made arts and crafts, head to Praça dos Poveiros and Jardim de São Lázaro.
Christmas events in other parts of Portugal
There are too many Christmas markets and fairs to cover them all in detail but here are some of the main ones that I’ve come across so far.
Cascais Christmas Village will transform the gorgeous Parque Marechal Carmona into a festive scene with stalls, rides, live nativity scene, ice rink, giant Christmas tree and performances. December 5th to January 1st 2020. Entry is €7.50.
After the success of Coimbra’s first Christmas market in 2018, the event will reopen between 6th and 22nd December 2019, opposite Alma Shopping Centre. See the cultural agenda for the Coimbra region to see other planned events.
Viseu’s Christmas market will run from 29th November to 6th January, with concerts, street performers and puppet shows to complement the stalls selling crafts and Christmas gifts.
From November 29th, 2019 to January 5th, 2020, Leiria is dubbing itself the Christmas City with activities such as an ice rink, the Santa Train, shows for children and more besides.
Óbidos transforms into a winter wonderland each year and the medieval village of Penela and Monsaraz become living nativity scenes (presépios).
This is the video for the Penela Presépio in central Portugal, to give you an idea of what to expect:
The salt producing town of Castro Marim in the eastern Algarve uses salt as snow in their nativity scene but the biggest nativity scene in the Algarve is in the António Aleixo cultural centre in Vila Real de Santo António. As for the Algarve at Christmas, various websites, such as this events listing (in Portuguese) have information about Christmas markets, concerts and other events over the festive period, such as the Algarve 365 cultural events programme.
Expat Christmas dilemmas
Compared to the UK, Christmas celebrations in Portugal can seem rather short and low-key, leaving some people unsatisfied and others relieved. In Portugal, Christmas really is a family affair so if you’re away from yours it might seriously affect your enjoyment of it. For good or bad!
So, should you stay in the relative warmth of your adopted country or wrap up warm (depending on where you’re from) and head back to your people?
My own family commitments have meant that I’ve spent most Christmases back in the UK, in a whirl of visits to family and friends. I’m not a fan of the festive period and find the whole experience quite exhausting and stressful. I would much rather see my loved ones at different times of the year but it’s not entirely up to me.
If you do plan to travel back to your home country, all I can say is book your flights/transport well in advance to get a good deal and keep your fingers crossed that snow doesn’t interfere with your travel plans.
Have a British Christmas in Portugal
If you’re staying in Portugal and want to celebrate the way you’re used to, it’s possible to get most things here. Especially if you’re willing to order online or get friends to send you things like crackers. Now that Amazon.es do free delivery to Portugal (if you order over €29 or €19 in books), it should be much easier to stock up on all your Christmas needs.
Real Christmas trees are available in Portugal but you have to be quick to nab one. They tend to go on sale relatively early so don’t leave it until the last minute. You can buy all the tinsel, baubles and other Christmas decorations you could ever want from high street stores. Christmas cards, however, are still a novelty.
Nor will you find crackers, cranberry sauce or mincemeat/mince pies readily available, except perhaps in the expat enclaves in the Algarve or ‘foreign’ grocery stores in larger cities/’food for Brits’ style market stalls. Order these online from British Corner Shop if needs be.
I spotted whole turkeys in Continente last year but you could just buy smaller pieces from the butcher if you don’t need that much. You may be lucky enough to track down some Brussels sprouts, although they are most likely to be frozen ones. Parsnips are a rare find and you’ll be lucky to find frozen ones if you don’t plan ahead. We tried growing some one year but they were rubbish. Other people have been more successful though.
Port wine, of course, is plentiful. Stilton is usually available in places like El Corte Inglês or larger supermarket chains. There are plenty of other blue cheese alternatives and Portuguese cheese is wonderful so why not make the most of it. If you feel like mixing in a few other Portuguese Christmas treats, this list of traditional festive fare may help.
If you’re alone or would prefer a larger group of people to celebrate with, expat-oriented restaurants and fancy hotels often put on a special Christmas or New Year meal so look for these and book ahead.
How to celebrate New Year in Portugal
The Portuguese way to bring in the New Year is by eating 12 raisins, one for each month, and making a wish with each one. What you won’t see is another tradition which is based on the colour of your underwear. Depending on what you most desire for the coming year, choose your knickers with care:
- Red for love and passion
- Yellow for good fortune and prosperity
- Blue for good health
- White for peace and happiness
- Black brings bad luck!
Many hotels and restaurants will offer packages for New Year’s Eve with meals, drinks, music and raisins included. These are usually advertised from early December. If not, buy your own beforehand and join the locals in a public square (see below) to join in the celebrations.
Make a toast and wash them down with some espumante (sparkling wine) then enjoy the fireworks before dancing, and eating, the night away.
Funchal in Madeira has the most famous firework displays but last time I looked, hotels in Funchal were pretty much booked up although more flights have been laid on. Your best bet if you haven’t booked way ahead is to try the travel agents to get a package deal.
Mainland Portugal offers some great New Year’s Eve celebrations too.
People gather in various parts of Lisbon for fireworks and DJs. Praça do Comércio offers great views of the fireworks over the River Tejo but you can also have fun in Parque das Nações, near the Torre de Belém or across the river in Almada.
They haven’t had permission from the council yet but sometimes Castelo de São Jorge opens its gates to allow revellers to see the firework displays from all across the city. If you want to party the first few hours of the new year in the streets, Bairro Alto and Cais do Sodre are the places to be.
Porto puts on a free street party in Avenida dos Aliados with fireworks, DJs and big name musicians. In Coimbra, there’ll be a similar party going on in Largo da Portagem.
The place to be in the Algarve is Praia dos Pescadores (Fisherman’s Beach) in Albufeira, where the fireworks are followed by a concert, although there is plenty of fun to be had in Tavira, Portimão, Faro and other major towns.
Further up the coast in the Alentejo, you can join outdoor revellers in Vila Nova de Milfontes, Sines and Porto Covo.
BEFORE YOU GO...
If you're interested in visiting or moving to Portugal, why not get my free insider tips and resources by email? These newsletters also include blog updates and information about relevant products, services and special offers.