View of Viana do Castelo and River Lima from Santa Luzia

Viana do Castelo has definitely grown on me over the years and is one of the most interesting and attractive coastal cities in northern Portugal. With a fascinating history that dates back to pre-Roman times, remarkable costumes, unique jewellery and a restored hospital ship, not to mention the beaches, views, architecture and food, it has broad appeal. It also makes a good base for exploring the Minho region so I’ve included some hotel suggestions.

Of the many things to do in Viana do Castelo, these are among my favourites.

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1. Costume Museum and Viana jewellery

If you’ve ever seen pictures of Portuguese women wearing an excess of gold necklaces and earrings and sporting brightly coloured and embroidered skirts and headscarves, the chances are that they are from in or around Viana.

These days, you are only likely to see local women dressed this way during the annual celebrations in honour of Our Lady of Agony in August. However, the Museu do Traje (Costume Museum) has a wide range of these traditional outfits on display.

The À Vianesa style became popular in and around Viana from the mid 19th to early 20th centuries. Local girls would make their own clothes, often using wool spun from the sheep they themselves had helped to rear. The use of colour, patterns and embroidery varies from village to village and even between families.

As you might expect, there are workaday costumes and more elaborate ones for Sundays and special occasions when the gold jewellery would also come out. Such social gatherings afforded opportunities to demonstrate the family’s wealth and the young woman’s skills as a potential homemaker and wife.

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The Costume Museum is housed within a former bank so the downstairs strongroom is the ideal location to host an impressive collection of gold jewellery. Much of the collection was donated by local jeweller, Manuel Freitas Rodrigues from his jewellery shop, Ourivesaria Freitas.

I was a little disappointed not to see many examples of the traditional Viana hearts but that’s because there’s more to local jewellery than these delightful pieces. If you want to see more filigree, pop into a jewellery shop instead.

For an insight into what you can see on a visit to the museum, check out this video.

Practicalities: Praça da República. Open Tues-Fri 10 am-6 pm, Saturdays and Sundays 10 am-1 pm and 3-6 pm. A €2 combined ticket gives you access to the Decorative Arts Museum (below) but it’s free at weekends.

2. Admire azulejos at the Decorative Arts Museum of Viana do Castelo

I’d passed the grand facade of Casa dos Barbosa Maciel, home to the Museu dos Artes Decorativos, many times and on a recent visit I finally ventured inside. I was rewarded with a stunning collection of 18th century azulejos (the blue and white tile panels that Portugal is famous for).

Covering the walls of 3 rooms on the upper floor, they portray typical hunting scenes, garden gatherings and, in my favourite room, a fascinating allegory to the four known continents.

Sadly, photography is not permitted so you will have to visit the museum yourself to see them in their full glory. While there, take time to appreciate the ceramics produced in Viana do Castelo and further afield and see examples of the local red and blue embroidery.

Practicalities: Largo de São Domingos. Open Tues-Fri 10 am-6 pm, Saturdays and Sundays 10 am-1 pm and 3-6 pm. A €2 combined ticket gives you access to the Costume Museum (above) but it’s free at weekends.

Decorative Arts Museum, Viana do Castelo
Decorative Arts Museum, Viana do Castelo, Largo de São Domingos.

3. Climb aboard the restored Gil Eannes Hospital Ship

Built in Viana do Castelo’s shipyards in 1955, the Gil Eannes Hospital ship was a state of the art replacement for an existing hospital ship of the same name.

She served many purposes, including support for the Portuguese cod fishing fleet in Newfoundland.  Outside fishing seasons, the ship was used as a tugboat, icebreaker and supply ship and in the early 1960s, it also began to carry passengers.

After her last voyage in 1973, she was left to rot in Lisbon and destined for the scrapyard. Saved at the last minute by a public campaign and community fundraising project, the Gil Eannes ship was brought back to Viana. She has since been restored to her former glory and her story is embellished with artefacts donated by locals and others associated with her glory days.

Open to the public as a museum (€4.50 entry, open from 9:30 am-6 or 7 pm), exploring the insides of a hospital ship makes a fascinating change from churches and more traditional museums. You’ll find it in dock beside the river, near the cultural centre.

You can see the quarters, kitchens, control rooms and, of course, the on board hospital. The operating theatre is in the belly of the ship where stability is as good as it can be. For obvious reasons it was still only used in emergency situations while the ship was at sea.

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4. Step back in time at the Celtic settlement of Santa Luzia

Citânia de Santa Luzia is the first of the citânias, or Pre-Roman settlements, I visited in northern Portugal so it came as a surprise to see the diagonally stacked building blocks forming circular structures. These days, most of the buildings are reduced to low walls.

Occupied between 1 BC and 1 AD, this privileged hilltop location allowed the community to monitor traffic on the River Lima as well as the coast and surrounding inland areas. The views are unrivalled.

Follow the boardwalk and use the explanatory leaflet available from the interpretation centre to see the highlights and understand the significance of key structures. Or book a guided tour ([email protected]). Open Tuesday – Sunday 10 am-1 pm and 2-6 pm except certain public holidays.

You’ll find it behind the luxurious accommodation at Pousada de Viana do Castelo – you can see the pool with a view from the ruins.

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5. Brave the staircase for stunning views at Santa Luzia Basilica

Also known as the Temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, the basilica at Santa Luzia is modelled after the Sacre Coeur in Paris but was only completed in 1959, hence the incongruously modern interior.

To get there, you can either take the funicular up the hill or walk up the hill, allowing the numerous crosses to show you the way.

Once there, take a look around the grounds and you’ll discover some interesting sculptures. Inside the church museum, there are more saintly figurines.

If you don’t suffer from vertigo or claustrophobia, it’s worth climbing to the dome at the very top of the basilica to get the best possible views. Don’t worry, you don’t have to climb all the way up – there’s an elevator to take you part of the way but be warned, the final spiral staircase is steep and narrow and not for the fainthearted.

Open 8 am-5 pm in winter and until 7 pm in summer.

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6. Hang out in historical Praça da República, Viana do Castelo

The hub of Viana do Castelo, Praça da República is its most attractive square, lined with buildings representing various architectural periods, cafés, restaurants, and shops.

Within the square, you’ll find some of the city’s most important medieval monuments including the 16th century fountain, the original council chambers and the Igreja da Misericórdia (Church of Mercy) as well as the Costume Museum.

I’ve already described the stunning artwork inside the Church of Mercy and its history in a different post about medieval Viana but it is worthy of an additional mention. If you like the blue and white azulejos that Portugal is famous for, you’ll love the interior, which has been fully restored.

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Bonus attraction: Viana do Castelo beaches and eco trails

The two closest beaches to the city centre are Praia do Norte which, as the name implies, is to the north of the city, and Praia Cabedelo.

There is a newly-built leisure complex next to a relatively small urban beach at Praia do Norte. If you continue north along the coastline, you’ll soon encounter a cycle and walking path that will lead you along the unspoilt coast and past a fortress, a range of smaller beaches and some windmills.

Note: If a leisurely multi-day walking holiday along Northern Portugal’s Costa Verde sounds like fun to you, check out this article.

If it’s sand and surf you’re after, you’d be better off taking the ferry (or driving over the Eiffel bridge) across the River Lima to Cabedelo. The ferry leaves from outside the cultural centre. It takes around 5 minutes and its another 5-10 minute walk to the beach. Follow the boardwalk across the dunes to the wide expanse of sand.

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Hotels in Viana do Castelo

For stunning views, the luxury historical hotel of Pousada de Viana do Castelo can’t be beaten. There’s an onsite restaurant so the distance from the city centre does not need to interfere with your enjoyment of local cuisine. Look deeper into this enviable accommodation option.

Right in the heart of the historical centre, the 16th century Casa Melo Alvim offers beautiful, traditionally decorated accommodation and a piano bar. See how lovely it is and check prices.

If you’d prefer something more modern yet unique, try the quirky Hotel Fabrica do Chocolate. Housed in a former chocolate factory, the rooms are decorated in chocolate themes and the restaurant menu is similarly influenced. Choose a room to match your passion for chocolate.

Another central, modern, reasonably priced option is the boutique Hotel Laranjeira, which offers minimalist furnishings in a traditional Minho townhouse and has extremely helpful staff to help make your stay as pleasant as possible. Grab a room while you can.

If contemporary architecture appeals to you, one of the city’s acclaimed structures is the Axis Design Hotel with luxury spa, indoor and outdoor pools and onsite restaurant. Check photos and availability.

Restaurants and cafés in Viana do Castelo

The nautical themed O Pescador (The Fisherman) Restaurant in Largo de São Domingos is a great option for fresh fish and seafood in a typical Portuguese restaurant, full of local diners.

O Pescador Restaurant, Viana do Castelo
O Pescador Restaurant, Viana do Castelo

I had an excellent steak (naco do lombo) at Os Castrejos (Rua Grande 73). It’s a small restaurant with simple, modern decor and a pleasant atmosphere. Ask the waiter’s advice when ordering and you won’t be disappointed.

Maria da Perre (Rua da Viana 118) is a long-established traditional Portuguese restaurant with stone walls decorated with ceramic plates, shawls and photos. In terms of food, the bacalhau (cod) and cabrito (roast kid) are house specialities. Service can be temperamental at times.

Of the many cafés in Viana, my favourite is Confeitaria Natário (Rua Manuel Espregueira 37), famous for its custard doughnuts (Bolas de Berlim), which are so good that people queue up twice a day to get them fresh from the oven. The café is small and cosy, with patterned parquet floors. When I was there mid morning, I was surprised to see many locals drinking white wine from tall glasses but this is apparently an everyday occurrence. If you’re not driving, why not partake?

Another one for the sweet-toothed is Leitaria do Carmo (Rua da Bandeira 327), which claims to make the best Jesuitas in the world. These are triangular folds of pastry topped with thin icing with a soft filling.

Getting to Viana do Castelo

Walking to Viana do Castelo

Viana do Castelo is also on the Coastal Portuguese Way of Saint James so you could walk here. It’s one of the places I would recommend taking a rest day in if you are doing this pilgrim route.

A more leisurely walking holiday along the coast of northern Portugal would be this one.

Public transport to Viana

If you’re happier with public transport, there are several buses a day from Porto to Viana do Castelo that take between 50 and 90 minutes and trains with journey times ranging from 1.5 hours to almost 3.5 so check the timetables carefully.

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Six unique things to do in Viana Do Castelo Portugal
Six unique things to do in Viana Do Castelo Portugal


  1. Hi Julie, I have been following you for a number of years now and always refer to your posts whenever I want reliable infomation. Most recently on Viana which has convinced me that a month in this area could be very pleasant. Thanks so much.

    1. Author

      HI Susan, good choice. I would happily live there so I agree that you could easily spend a month in this area!

  2. Mickey Dias…Did you ever move to the Viana Do Castelo area? If so would love to chat about your experience there as we are also considering that area to settle in We are currently living in Hawaii and will be moving at the end of this year (2020). Thank you, Sallie

  3. Hi Julie, my husband and I and our two young children are moving to VdC in April 2018 from the US. I am interested in finding expat communities for us, or other English speaking couples/families as we get settled into the language and culture. Any advice or pointers would be appreciated! Thank you!

    1. Author

      Hi Mickey, I don’t know any expats in that area but I would suggest starting with Facebook groups. The ones I belong to for central Portugal are usually pretty good for getting local info and advice as well as finding out about meet ups.

      1. Author

        You’ll also likely met people through school and childcare.

    2. Hi Mickey. I’m looking at retiring to Portugal. Started with the Silver Coast but am now looking around Porto. I’m not really city person but I need culture, cinema, theater, music, books. Also need beach views for walking and trees–love to garden. What convinced you VdC was the right spot?

  4. Thanks Julie. This town looks very interesting. My husband and I will have a spare week to spend after a tour we are taking in June. The tour ends in Porto and we fly home from Lisbon. We are trying to decide whether to spend the week on the mainland coast or to fly to the Azores. Your thoughts?

  5. Hi Julie, Thanks again for sharing your article on Viana do Castelo. This town is on my list for our next trip to Portugal for sure in 2018.

    1. Author

      Glad to hear that, Tony!

  6. It looks like my kind of place, Julie. I hope to get back up to the Porto area one day and I’ll certainly add this to the itinerary. Thanks for your many useful suggestions. 🙂 🙂

  7. Great tour and photos Julie, it’s been quite a few years since I visited Viana do Castelo.

    1. Author

      Thanks, Sami. Maybe on your next trip…?

Over to you. Please share your thoughts in a comment.